What and why does a foot should have this curve?
Do you have a flat feet which is bothering you and causing trouble for you to perform day to day activities related to walking? But you are unsure of how to seek flat feet treatment and where to seek it? If you sit on a couch and then pull your leg up to take your foot in your hand with the biggest toe of your foot facing you, you will notice a curve or more specifically an arch that forms on the edge of your foot. It is because of this arch that when you take a footprint of your naked feet, the impression that is left is that of two brackets that are thick at both, the upper and the lower ends, with five dots aligned above the upper end showing where your toes were. But what is this curve and why is it so important?
Tarsal and metatarsal bones form the arch of the feet and are held with the help often dons and ligaments. The function of the curve is to enable better movements of feet and also effective distribution of weight of the entire body which all collectively results in a proper posture and more freedom of movements. Those that have flat feet can relate to the convenience the arch of the foot provides and that’s why probably most of them would be reading this trying to find help on how to regain their arch of foot.
Causes of flat feet
Every toddler has flat feet while he is still in the learning phase of walking and running because the muscles of the feet haven’t developed by that time to give rise to the arch in the feet. As the child grows up, the arch keeps on forming naturally except in some cases where it doesn’t forms. These children develop flat foot for a number of reasons that are mostly related to biomechanics. On the other hand, some children develop an adaptive type of flat foot in which the arch appears when they are standing or doing other feet related activity and disappears when they sit or lie down. However, this adaptive type of flatfoot generally disappears over time leaving a permanent arch.
In adults, flat feet can occur due to natural or stimulated wear and tear of tendons and muscles that support the arch of the feet.
Diagnosis of flat feet
Diagnosing a flat foot can be done with a simple test that can be performed at home by observing the footprint of the feet. Apply water paint or even water (paint is preferred to easily discern the results) on the entire of foot’s bottom surface and place the foot on a white paper or cardboard to get the footprint. If the print shows significantly less curve than a normal footprint, the person has flat foot. However, a proper diagnosis from a medical care practitioner is recommended.
Risk factors associated with flat feet
Having bone or muscle injuries, obesity, physical deformity or even pregnancy can increase the risk of having flat feet. Diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes may also cause a person to develop this feet problem.
Treatments for flat feet
Having flat feet doesn’t necessarily mean that the person needs to get treatment unless he is having trouble and experiencing pain because of his flat feet problem. Normally developed flat feet rarely require treatment as the person’s body is adapted to it already. But still, if needed, there are various treatment options for flat feet problems most of which are based on self-care that includes some changes in lifestyle, doing certain exercises, avoiding high heels, losing some weight, avoid lifting heavy objects and also special flat feet shoes. Flat feet shoes are nothing but normal shoes better calibrated in their design to fit the needs of people having flat feet. Flat feet shoes usually have a protrusion or bump inside the shoe right where the arch of the feet would be to help develop the arch. A number of commercial companies manufacture these flat feet shoes including popular sport brands such as Nike and Adidas, so they are easily available along with a wide range of choices. Follow all these tips and your flat feet treatment will definitely work wonders.